Will the current pandemic contribute to an increase in obesity rates?
The world has been shocked with the COVID-19 pandemic that has changed almost all our habits and kept us confined in our houses. Even when we are confined at home in order to protect ourselves from the virus, we could still be putting our health at risk. One of the concerns that the pandemic raised, is whether obesity will be increasing after this crisis or not. Let’s try to understand in this article.
Being physically less active
While your Instagram feeds has made you think that people are being more active at home doing some “home workouts”, you might be wrong. Studies have shown that there was a huge increase in screen time and sedentary activities such as watching TV, in confinement. This means that people are moving less, and burning less calories. The weight gain risk is higher for people living in urban areas and whose economic situation is considered bad. Having a limited level of physical activity is directly linked to an increase of body weight, and to obesity.
Consuming foods that are high in calories, low in nutrients
When quarantines and lockdown were forced on people, supermarkets saw a huge increase of sale in their frozen products and foods that are shelf-stable. This means that the pandemic has made people more dependent on this type of food, which is not fresh and can be high in calories, also low in nutrients. Most of these products have high levels of sodium, sugar and fat. Consuming such foods, especially if your physical activity level is low, can make you prone to become overweight. Consumption of frozen foods is assumed to increase if the lockdown persists as fresh foods won’t be available anymore in this case.
Furthermore, the problem can be inflated when the food stores is not the best, the equipment used to cook or consume the foods is not appropriate, and the level of cooking knowledge is low.
Snacking has increased
The mental load that is a result of the pandemic, has pushed people in quarantine to snack more than they did before. This is a result of the anxiety, grief, and stress that the uncertainty of the pandemic has forced on us. Furthermore, the purchase of highly processed snacks has scored higher levels during the pandemic than before it. These snacks included ice cream, cookies, and salty snacks. While snacking is an expected result of stress, consuming extra calories of bad quality, can contribute in weight gain, and result in obesity.
What should be done to decrease obesity rates during the pandemic?
Healthy behavior needs to be encouraged during this period. To do so, start by following these tips:
Try as much as you can to consume fresh foods rather than frozen ones. Start by planting your own vegetables to get fresh produce. This will help you consume more vegetables and legumes as well as fresh goods
Try to be as physically active as you can. Walk inside your house or drive to a countryside and walk for a couple of hours whenever you can. Try your best to achieve a home workout to stay active.